Infant Mortality & Newborn Health

Across the world, in 2013, 6.3 million children under five died – that’s nearly 17,000 every day.

Around 70% of these deaths occurred within the first year of life, and a high proportion were in the first 28 days. More than half of these young children would be alive today if they and their mothers had had access to simple, affordable interventions to ensure safe childbirth and newborn care.

Women and Children First works successfully to reduce these largely avoidable deaths in some of the poorest communities in developing countries. We help to improve the quality and accessibility of care for mothers and their babies, and mobilise communities, through women’s groups, to understand their health needs and have the confidence to demand the quality health care that is their right.

Definitions

Under-five mortality rate: The probability of dying between birth and five years of age over a specific period, expressed per 1,000 live births.

Infant mortality rate: The probability of dying between birth and one year of age, over a specific period, expressed per 1,000 live births.

Newborn or neonatal mortality rate: The number of deaths during the first 28 completed days of life per 1,000 live births in a given year or period.

Perinatal mortality: The number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life per 1,000 live births.

In Depth

Infant Mortality - An Overview
Infant Mortality Statistics
Infant Mortality & Newborn Health in Developing Countries
Leading Causes of Infant Mortality
Preventing Infant Mortality & Improving Newborn Health